The Economist reported on a big problem in Indian society. Millions of poor people are considered criminimal by tradition. They are part of tribes that never really made it in society, not even after the caste system was OFFICIALLY abandoned. The problem is first of all that there is a difference between officially ending a bad practice and what DE-FACTO is going on in society. The second is - and that is something a lot of foreign observers fail to mention - we are talking here about a huge country with more than a billion inhabitants and an economy that is growing at a rapid pace, but started from little more than scratch. Poverty is gradually but slowly becoming a lesser problem in India. However, income distribution is also more skewed now which translates into things sometimes looking worse than they used to be, even when they aren't in absolute terms.
The Indian Caste System
Still unofficial reality for many
The Dalit or Parya group is still large
The top-level rank of Academics is the other side of the story,
something in which India differs quite a bit from most other nations where business men gain more respect